Gum disease, or periodontal disease, is a serious problem that affects many adults to some degree or other. Depending on the extent of the problem, gum disease can cause any of the following symptoms:
- Pain, soreness, and bleeding of the gums
- Lost and loosening teeth
- Bad breath
- Deterioration of the jawbone
Recent studies have also begun to link gum disease with other health problems as well, such as cardiovascular disease.
Gum disease is caused by bacteria living and multiplying in the pockets between the gums and the tooth root. The severity of gum disease is related to the number of bacteria present and the body's ability to fight infection. In cases where excessive bacteria have accumulated or where the immune system is weakened, gum disease can progress rapidly.
To evaluate gum disease, we use both traditional methods of testing the health of the gums and advanced techniques for examining the bacteria microscopically, to determine the type and prevalence of bacteria in the gums.
We offer a range of treatments for gum disease, depending on the severity of the problem. In early stages, treatment can reverse the damage already done and prevent further damage. Regardless of the degree of damage, it is important to get the treatment you need as soon as possible.
Early Stage Gum Treatment
Early stage treatments for gum disease often consist of a root scaling and planing procedure. This is a deep cleaning of the teeth below the gumline and preparation of the tooth to prevent further buildup of plaque.
It's a simple procedure, not unlike a standard tooth cleaning.
Your gums will be numbed if necessary, and plaque will be removed from directly behind the gums.
Then the teeth will be lightly resurfaced below the gumline to make it more difficult for plaque and bacteria to accumulate.
Treatment for Moderate Gum Disease
Treatments for moderate gum disease are similar to the root scaling and planing performed during early stage disease, except that to allow deeper access into the gum tissue, gum incisions are sometimes required. We use our modern laser technology to do this sort of deep cleaning.
Depending on your individual case, you may also be prescribed medication to eliminate bacteria.
Late Stage Gum Treatment
In some very advanced cases of gum disease, additional treatments may be required. Late stage gum disease can cause jawbone loss. In these cases, we do deep laser cleaning, which does a silent and efficient job of cleaning out calculus and sterilising the infected areas, but bone grafts may still be required to restore the structure of the jaw. Keeping your jawbone sound and healthy allows your face to retain its shape.
For more information or to book an appointment at our Tsawwassen, Delta BC dental practice please contact us today.